Description: "consists of a collection of facts about the observed events that can be quantified, classified, and examined for possible relations with other known facts - a necessary and important activity for any scientific discipline" (p 3).
Prediction: "in the presence of one event (e.g. approaching winter) another event occurs (or fails to occur) with some specified probability (e.g. certain birds fly south for the winter)" (p 3).
Control: "The ability to predict with a certain degree of confidence is a valuable and useful result of science; prediction enables preparation" (p 4).
Determinism: "Scientists presume that the universe, or at least that part of it they intend to probe with the methods of science, is a lawful and orderly place in which all phenomena occur as the result of other events" (p 5).
Empiricism: "...the practice of objective observation. Every effort to understand, predict, and improve behavior hinges on the behavior analyst's ability to completely define, systematically observe, and accurately record occurrences and non-occurrences of the behavior of interest" (p 5).
Experimentation: "is the basic strategy of most sciences. When events are observed to covary or occur in close temporal sequence, a functional relation may exist, but other factors may be responsible for the observed values of the dependent variable" (p 5). "An experiment is a carefully conducted comparison of some measure of the phenomenon of interest (the dependent variable) under two or more different conditions in which only one factor at a time (the independent variable) differs from one condition to another" (p 6).
Replication: "the repeating of experiments (as well as repeating independent variable conditions within experiements)" (p 6).
Applied Behavior Analysis operates under seven interconnected dimensions. Applied behavior analysts seek to identify observable and measurable behaviors that are socially significant to the individual and sensitive to the culture of the community. Empirically-validated, research-based methods and interventions are selected. Decisions regarding interventions must be data-driven and closely monitored for effectiveness. All procedures must be thoroughly described so that they can be consistently applied. The ultimate goal for behavior analysts is to enable meaningful change to occur for their clients and for that change to occur in situations other than where it was explicitly taught.
Applied socially significant behaviors are selected
Behavior observable and measurable behaviors are targeted
Conceptually Systematic interventions consistent with principles demonstrated in the literature
Technological procedures are described clearly and concisely so that other may implement accurately
Analytic decisions are data based
Effective interventions are monitored to evaluate the impact on the target behavior
Generality behaviors are targeted in a way that the desired changes occur in environments other than where they were discretely taught (across people, places, and time).
ABA Acronyms & Terms
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A Place at the Education Reform Table: Why Behavior Analysis Needs to Be There, Why It's Not as Welcome as It Should Be, and Some Actions that Can Make Our Science More Relevant, By Dr. William L. Heward, BCBA
1. ABA is meaningful
2. ABA is effective
3. ABA is focused
4. ABA is broadly relevant
5. ABA is self-correcting
6. ABA is accountable
7. ABA is public
8. ABA is doable
9. ABA is replicable
10. ABA is empowering
11. ABA is optimistic
12. ABA knows motivation